Know your DSL Broadband Terms

Today we will be schooling ourselves with the most common DSL Broadband definitions. The world of broadband internet is used in various daily operations, yet often overlooked with terms that some people are not yet familiar with. There are a number of items to know in order to better understand the whole idea of Broadband Internet. We aim to familiarize ourselves with these terms to better understand our whole system of connections and eliminate any other terms we don’t understand yet.

A Litany of DSL terms and their definitions
DSL – or Digital Subscriber Line, which is a type form of technology that provides internet access through phone line networks

ADSL – Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line, the most common form of Broadband internet access
ISDN – a precursor to DSL, in which voice, video and data are transmitted and received via the PSTN or Public switched telephony network
PSTN – or Public Switched Telephone Network, the mostly pre-existing phone line connection network used for DSL
Modem – is the device that carries analog signals and encodes it to digital for the computer to decode, allowing flow of data
Filter – separates the transmission of data and voice to the appropriate receivers; one to the modem and one to the home phone line

Local Loop – the physical connection (actual phone line) from the customer’s premises to the DSLAM end of the provider
Bandwidth – is the total capacity of the rate of data transfer. The range is from 128 kbps up to a maximum of 9 to 10 Mbps, or higher

Speed – refers to the rate of data transfer for downloads and uploads which is at the rate of up to 3Mbps and then 384 Kbps, respectively. Other companies offer higher speeds that reach up to 15 Mbps
DSLAM – the Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexer is an internet network device that connects several DSL internet connections to a main connection provided by the ISP
DHCP – or Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol is a networking system used by the ISP servers to assign IP Addresses to computers, which enables data transfer

ISP – an Internet Service Provider, or the company where the service is sourced or originates from and also regulates data transfer

IP Address – the Internet Protocol Address is a assigned numerical address number assigned to a computer that denotes where the computer is located on the network
Naked DSL – standalone DSL; this type of connection does not include the voice component for the home phone line

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